Southern Africa, comprising of Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe is a region with significant unfulfilled agricultural potential. It has a population of more than 120 million people, with 40 to 80% being generally poor and food insecure except in South Africa and Botswana.
Agro-ecologically, Central Africa contains important rainfall gradients with maxima in the Congo basin moving towards semi-arid areas north and south although most of the region has lengths of growing period of more than 210 days. As a result, the most prominent farming systems are forest-based, root crop systems, cereal-root crop systems, and tree crop systems with many people living within highland perennial systems.
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